"Aspirin was first synthesized by chemists at the Bayer firm in Dusseldorf, Germany. Marketed first as a loose powder in 1899, it came in tablets by 1915. It quickly became the world's most prescribed drug both by doctors and home medicators. At the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, the Aspirin trademark became part of the Allies' war-reparation demands, forcing Germany to surrender the brand name to France, England, Russia, and the United States. Aspirin with a capital A became plain aspirin."
--from Victorian America: Transformations in Everyday Life, 1876-1915 by Thomas J. Schlereth.
Obviously the argument that advances in medicine should be free is not a new one.